Nikon Instruments Applications

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  • ADME Tox
    ADME Tox

    Greater than 70% of investigational new drugs fail during drug development because of unsatisfactory absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity...

    Small World: Lars Bech, Naarden, Netherlands, Herceptin® (55x)

  • Biophysics
    Biophysics

    Biophysics applies the theory, techniques and intrumentation of the physical sciences to the quantitative understanding of biological structure, systems and func...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Cell Culture
    Cell Culture

    With increasing emphasis on live-cell-based assays in the drug discovery environment, there is a growing need for reliable cell culture able to deliver the desir...

    Small World: Neil J. Egan, Ohio, USA Bacteria growth (30x)

  • Cell Culture Maintenance
    Cell Culture and Maintenance

    Cell culture is becoming a science in its own right with the growth of interest in cell-based studies, and especially live cell studies for research. Both prokar...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Cell Signaling
    Cell Signaling

    Cell signaling technology describes the communication systems within and between cells which govern and coordinate cell activities. Understanding more about cell...

    Dr Satoru Kondo. Department of Cellular Neurobiology, University of Tokyo

  • Chemical Biology
    Chemical Biology

    Chemical biology integrates the principles of chemistry and chemical synthesis with biology and biosynthesis. It attempts to probe the detailed function of biosy...

    Small World: Chris Robinson, Nikon Eclipse ME600L

  • Cytogenetics
    Cytogenetics

    Cytogenetics is the study of chromosomes, particularly in relation to diseases caused by chromosome abnormalities. Studies are usually carried out in white blood...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Cytology
    Cytology

    Cytology / cytopathology is the study of cell structure with the aim of diagnosing disease. Cytological screening for disease tends to look for abnormal cells in...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Biology
    Developmental Biology

    Developmental biology deals with the observation and investigation of the processes that cause an organism to develop and grow. This may include studies at the g...

    Dr K Horikawa, Prof T Nagai. Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University

  • Electro Physiology
    Electro Physiology

    All living cells and tissues have electrical properties resulting from the movement of ions such as K+, Na+, Ca++, K+ and Cl-. These can be studied with the help...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Embryology/IVF
    Embryology/IVF

    In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a reproductive technology aimed at overcoming infertility. Eggs are removed from the woman, usually after treatment with hormones...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Environmental Science
    Environmental Science

    Environmental studies can involve a multitude of disciplines that seek to unravel the consequences of complex interactions between organisms and the physical wor...

    Small World: Andrew Childs, Nikon Eclipse ME600

  • EQA
    EQA

    External quality assurance (EQA) schemes for medical screening programmes aim to ensure consistently high quality diagnoses. EQA is established in cervical cance...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Food Science
    Food Science

    Food Science involves the combined disciplines of agricultural science, technology and engineering, biology, physics, chemistry and behavioural sciences to study...

    Small World: Jacinthe Gingras, Organic maple sirup crystallized, Nikon E600

  • Forensic Science
    Forensic Science

    Forensic science uses multidisciplinary investigations to establish the facts in civil or criminal law cases. It involves the examination of the crime scene for...

    Small World: Jesse Hume, Nylon fiber from a glove (212X), Nikon SMZ-10A

  • Formulation Science
    Formulation Science

    The formulation of a drug compound, i.e. the way in which it is combined with excipients (such as: binders, diluents, solubilizers and disintegrants) in, for exa...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Genetics
    Genetics

    Genetics is the science of heredity and variation in organisms. Genetic information is packaged in chromosomes and encoded in the structure of DNA (deoxyribonucl...

    Small World: Albert Tousson, Alabama, USA, Human sperm cells (1500x)

  • Genitourinary
    Genitourinary

    The genito-urinary field is wide ranging and includes the study of the organs of the reproductive and urinary systems in health and disease. Genitourinary medici...

    Small World: Mark Luna. Urine. Fresh Mount (40X) Nikon Eclipse E400

  • Gross Observations
    Gross Observations

    The ability to see microscopic detail in living organisms and everyday objects is fascinating for all ages and can be inspirational - attracting many students to...

    Small World: Charles B. Krebs, Washington, USA. Muscoid fly (6.25x)

  • Haematology
    Haematology

    Haematology is the study of blood, blood-forming organs and blood disease. Blood is composed of three principal cell types: red blood cells or erthyrocytes (cont...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Histology
    Histology

    Histology is the study of tissue morphology using light or electron microscopy. Tissue samples are generally obtained through surgery, biopsy or post mortem.

    Eben Alsberg, Hematoxylin and eosin (200X), Nikon TE300

  • Immunology
    Immunology

    Immunology covers the examination of cells, tissues and organs of the immune system as well as the study of failures in immune function. Important areas of study...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Lab on a Chip
    Lab-on-a-Chip

    Lab-on-a-chip technology integrates biological and / or chemical analysis with silicon chip technologies to create miniature, automated laboratory processing cap...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Marine Biology
    Marine Biology

    Research in marine biology covers scientific study of plants and animals inhabiting the world's oceans. These are classified on the basis of their environment ra...

    Small World: Jens Rüchel, Osnabrück, Germany, Spirorbis sp. 100x

  • Microbiology
    Microbiology

    Microbiology is the study of micro-organisms. These include bacteria, yeasts, simple fungi, algae, protozoans and viruses. Micro-organisms can infect living tiss...

    Small World: Dr. Nigel Woolf, California USA, Mouse cerebellum (10x)

  • Molecular Pathology
    Molecular Pathology

    Traditional pathology concentrates on the morphological manifestations of disease. Molecular pathology, in addition, integrates tools of molecular biology to: is...

    Small World: K.G. Murti, Tennessee, USA, HeLa (cancer) cells (1350x)

  • Neurobiology
    Neurobiology

    Neurobiology is the study of cells of the nervous system (principally neurons and glial cells) and the organization of these cells into functional circuits able...

    Small World: Paul Cuddon, Cambridgeshire, UK, Rat hippocampal neurons

  • Observation of Prepared Slide
    Observation of Prepared Slide

    Commercially available prepared microscope slides are often used in schools and colleges to introduce students to microscopy and the skills of slide interpretati...

    Small World: Jan C. Kros, Netherlands, Mahogany stem (100x)

  • Palaeontology
    Palaeontology

    Palaeontology is the study of ancient life forms and their evolution using fossils - the preserved and petrified remains of life forms within sedimentary rocks....

    Small World: Ellen-Therese Lamm, Tyrannosaurs-rex rib, Optiphot2-POL

  • Pathology
    Pathology

    Pathology is the study of disease and, in particular, the structural and functional changes that take place in cells and tissues during disease. Knowledge of the...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Plant Science
    Plant Science

    Plant science, or botany, studies the structure, reproduction, growth, metabolism and diseases of plants. It has relevance to a wide range of related disciplines...

    Small World: Marieka Gryzenhout, Pretoria, S. Africa, Cladonia (0.8x)

  • Regenerative Studies
    Regenerative Studies

    The goal of regenerative research is to develop the means to restore function in damaged tissues and organs for example, in accidental injury such as burns, woun...

    Small World: Dr. Jean Livet, Paris, France, Mouse brain stem (40x)

  • Target Identification
    Target Identification

    Unraveling the complex relationship between genotype, expression, protein function and disease is the basis for identifying new drug targets in drug discovery. A...

    Small World: Thomas J. Deerinck, California, USA. Confocal

  • Veterinary
    Veterinary

    Veterinary medicine uses diagnostic techniques that are similar to those used for human medicine. Diagnosis is, however, made even more challenging by species di...

    Nikon Instruments UK

  • Virtual Slide
    Virtual Slide

    A 'virtual' or digital slide provides a new way of viewing and sharing microscopy specimens. This technology has enormous benefits in education where every stude...

    Nikon Instruments UK